- ВЫБОРЫ ДИРЕКТОРА
Tyunin A.P., Suprun A.R., Nityagovsky N.N., Manyakhin A.Y., Karetin Y.A., Dubrovina A.S., Kiselev K.V
В журнале Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
Plant cell and tissue cultures are considered as a source of valuable secondary metabolites but usually produce insufficient level of the compounds, which is the limiting factor for their application in biotechnology. We obtained 18 callus cell cultures from different organs of wild grape Vitis amurensis Rupr. collected at different seasons and analyzed stilbene accumulation in combination with calli growth parameters. This analysis showed that temporal and tissue origin of the calli affected the rate of stilbene biosynthesis. Stem-derived calli accumulated higher stilbene levels and exhibited a higher expression of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and stilbene synthase (STS) genes than calli derived from the leaves and petioles. The highest content of stilbenes was detected in the calli initiated from grapevine stems collected in the autumn. In general, all “autumn” cell cultures contained more than 2 mg g− 1 dry wt (up to 11 mg g− 1 dry wt) and exhibited high PAL and STS genes expression in comparison with the calli initiated in the summer. The content of stilbenes in the “autumn” cell cultures were comparable to the highest stilbene contents detected in other plant sources described in the literature. Thus, selecting the most optimal explant source for cell culture establishment could be an effective approach towards developing plant cell cultures producing high stilbene levels.